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Civil War

Tennessee's Civil War history is a study in contrasts: a secessionist state with staunch Union loyalties, divided cities held by both Union and Confederate troops, constant danger and hardship, and nagging uncertainty about friends, neighbors and families, about who was friend or foe.

Tennessee's Civil War tale is one of divided loyalties, crucial battles, and the wide-reaching devastation of "total war." People throughout the state were completely immersed in the economic, social, and physical effects of the conflict, subject to violence and terror, disease and malnutrition, heartbreak and loss, and military rule by both sides. Many grim reminders of the war—as well as hopeful symbols of heroism and kindness—stand today as testament to the war's far-reaching toll.

Use these links to learn more about trails, markers and other interpretive sites; battlefields, and the many Civil War-related museums and other attractions designed to help travelers understand the legacy of the war in Tennessee.

Green Travel Vendor

Greenwood Cemetery
"Greenwood’s location on a bluff above the Duck River made it a prime spot for sharpshooters from both sides. Headstones show damage from skirmishing that took place during General Hood’s advance on Nashville in November 1864. After the war, African Americans established one of their first reconstruction churches at the northwest ...more

City:  Columbia, TN
Phone:  931-375-1501

Green Travel Vendor

Hale House/Patterson Hotel
"Built in 1898 as a private residence and has served as a railroad hotel and later as a boarding house. Today it is a bed and breakfast. Tours by ...more

City:  Watertown, TN
Phone:  615-237-9999

Green Travel Vendor

Harrison Barracks
"This National Register-listed antebellum carriage factory, now being used for apartments, served as barracks for occupying Federal forces during the Reconstruction era.  The army leased the building in 1867 and turned it into apartments, a commissary, a store house, and an ordinance department.  Parts of the 5th U.S. Cavalry and the 45th U.S. Infantry were stationed at the barracks.  Not ...more

City:  Gallatin, TN
Phone:  888-425-5286

Green Travel Vendor

Hartsville Battlefield Park
"This locally established park preserves a battlefield where confederate cavalry leader col. John Hunt Morgan had one of his greatest successes.  On December 7, 1862, with a force of about 1,300 men.  Morgan surprised a federal garrison commanded by Col. Absalom B. Moore.  Morgan’s casualties – 139 killed, wounded, and missing – were light compared to the damage he caused: ...more

City:  Hartsville, TN
Phone:  615-374-9243

Green Travel Vendor

Hawkins County Courthouse
"Oldest original courthouse in TN, built in 1836, and the second oldest in continued use. One of the most photographed buildings in the South, it was occupied by both Confederate and Union forces during the Civil War. ...more

City:  Rogersville, TN
Phone:  423-272-2186

Green Travel Vendor

Hazen's Raid at Browns Ferry
"By October 1863 the Union army suffered greatly from food shortages, and the supply route was tenuous at best. This raid, begun by Gen. William Hazen near here, floated down the river and established a beachhead on the south bank at Brown’s Ferry. The raid began an offensive that eventually established a more secure Union supply ...more

City:  Chattanooga, TN
Phone:  423-643-6081

Green Travel Vendor

Headquarters Row
"Commanders from both sides used the Richardson House, located nearby at 320 Walnut St, as headquarters. When U.S. Grant arrived he first used the house but moved to the Lattner house at the corner of First and Walnut streets. Grant prepared his campaign to relieve the city from there. William T. Sherman used the house after Grant ...more

City:  Chattanooga, TN

Green Travel Vendor

Henry County Heritage Center
"The museum’s collections include the Conway Bible, presented to Confederate soldiers by local residents early in the ...more

City:  Paris, TN
Phone:  731-642-1030

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Chockley Tavern
"A 150-year old wayside railroad inn stands ready for groups up to 47 with Southern songs, Civil War tales and meals served by costumed ...more

City:  Wartrace, TN
Phone:  931-389-0545

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Downtown Clinton
"Spend countless hours shopping for antiques, collectibles and specialty items and enjoy the unique eateries in restored Historic Downtown ...more

City:  Clinton, TN
Phone:  (800) 524-3602

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Downtown Dickson
"Civil War soldiers built the railroad that now fronts the Historic Halbrook Hotel, War Memorial Building and the new city park. Just off the railroad you will find, not only the Old Train Depot., but also the birthplace of Frank Clement in the Halbrook Hotel. See the War Memorial Building that is one of only two Depression-era War Memorial Buildings in ...more

City:  Dickson, TN
Phone:  877-718-4967

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Downtown Franklin
"Fifteen block National Register Historic District with more than 70 unique shops, restaurants and ...more

City:  Franklin, TN
Phone:  615-591-8500

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Elmwood Cemetery
"Under the shade of 1,000 trees. Established in 1852. More than 70,000 people who make up the colorful history of Memphis are buried here, including 14 Confederate generals, two Union generals, and 1100 soldiers who fell in different ...more

City:  Memphis, TN
Phone:  901-774-3212

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Jonesborough Carriage Tours
"Take a carriage ride back in time. They offer rides and narrated tours through the historic district of ...more

City:  Jonesborough, TN
Phone:  423-213-3049

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Lairdland Farm House and Civil War Museum
"Tour historic home filled with antiques and Visit their Civil War Museum containing an extensive and comprehensive collection of both Union and Confederate artifacts. Luncheons for groups of 8 or more may be served upon 2 weeks confirmed ...more

City:  Cornersville, TN
Phone:  (931) 363-2205

Green Travel Vendor

Cold Springs School and Museum
"One-room schoolhouse serves as museum of local history. Collection of books, old photographs, Civil War and Bicentennial ...more

City:  Portland, TN
Phone:  615-351-0719

Green Travel Vendor

Collierville Historic Train Depot
"Located on Colliervile's Town Square in the mid-1940s, this historic building is the third depot in Collierville since 1852. Home to Main Street Collierville, it's a great stop for info and Collierville mementos while visiting the historic ...more

City:  Collierville, TN
Phone:  901-853-1666

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Camp at Seawell
"<p>During his 1864 raid on Federal positions throughout Middle Tennessee, Confederate cavalry leader Joe Wheeler camped at this site.  At the turn of the century, Castle Heights Military Academy was established here, and the remaining buildings of the campus are listed in a National Register historic district.  Within City Hall (the old academy’s administration building) is a museum about Lebanon ...more

City:  Lebanon, TN
Phone:  800-789-1327

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Cemetery
"<p>The cemetery was established during the Confederate occupation of Knoxville, 1861-1863.  More than 1,600 Confederates are interred in the landscaped gardens.  Call for ...more

City:  Knoxville, TN
Phone:  865-522-8661

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Cemetery & Monument
"This is the first memorial to honor unknown Confederate soldiers in the South, erected by local citizens just a few years after the end of the Civil War. These particular soldiers were led by General Nathan Bedford Forrest and were killed in a raid on the occupying Federal troops in Union City. The Confederates attacked the town’s railroad junction ...more

City:  Union City, TN

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Enlistment Center at Red Boiling Springs
"This late 19th and 20th century resort town, still home to several National Register-listed hotels, has an important Civil War story which has been marked by several interpretive signs.  The village served as an early Confederate recruitment camp, with seven companies of the 30th Tennessee Infantry and one company of the 28th Tennessee Infantry organized in the town.  In October ...more

City:  Macon County, TN
Phone:  615-666-5885

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Memorial Hall (Bleak House)
"Also called Bleak House, the Tuscan style antebellum mansion was built by slaves between 1854 - 1858 for its newlywed owners, Robert and Louisa Franklin Armstrong. Occupied by Confederate Generals James Longstreet and Lafayette McLaws during 1863 siege of Knoxville. Two cannon balls are still embedded in the walls. Furnished with period antiques. Museum of CSA ...more

City:  Knoxville, TN
Phone:  (865) 522-2371

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Memorial Park
"Huge Confederate Flag flies on a 75 ft. pole and Confederate memorial bricks honor Civil War soldiers who fought for the South from the ...more

City:  Monterey, TN
Phone:  931-303-5156

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Memorial Park at Winstead Hill
"A Confederate memorial park with monuments, historical markers, cannon, an overlook and 3-D map of the Franklin battlefield located on Winstead ...more

City:  Franklin, TN
Phone:  615-498-2560

Green Travel Vendor

Confederate Soldiers Monument
"Built in 1920, this monument honors the men and women of Tennessee and Virginia that fought for the Civil War’s Confederate Army. Among the many Civil War soldiers that served from Bristol was Colonel John S. Mosby. Mosby was deemed the “Gray Ghost” because of his quick raids on Union strongholds and his ability to vanish before ...more

City:  Bristol, TN
Phone:  423-989-4850.

Green Travel Vendor

Cookeville Depot Museum
"Originally built in 1909, the Cookeville Depot Museum is listed on the National Registry of Historic Places, and is the heart of Cookeville's historic Westside District. The museum houses many Tennessee Central Railway artifacts, as well as an HO scale replica of what Cookeville’s Westside looked like in the summer of 1955. On the other side of the diorama is ...more

City:  Cookeville, TN
Phone:  931-528-8570

Green Travel Vendor

Cookeville History Museum
"The Cookeville History Museum is a great place to see pieces of area history. The museum features a permanent exhibit space and a front room that houses rotating ...more

City:  Cookeville, TN
Phone:  931-520-5455

Green Travel Vendor

Cornstalk Heights Historic District
"More than 100 homes and structures are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Visitors can tour several of these buildings year round including Harriman's Carnegie Library celebrating 100 years in 2009 and the Temperance Building, home of the Harriman Heritage Museum. Many of the homes and structures can be toured during the Historic Harriman Christmas Tour held on ...more

City:  Harriman, TN
Phone:  800-FUNINTN

Green Travel Vendor

Cotton Junction Trail
"Get ready for the Cotton Junction Trail, a rural journey through West Tennessee, named for the hypnotic beauty of the region’s signature cotton fields in early fall. It’s dotted with amazing stories, historic landmarks, and unique sights. Just as the first railroads once did, this route connects the area’s classic small towns, with plenty of stops to admire handsome courthouses, pop ...more

Green Travel Vendor

Cotton Museum and Cotton Exchange
"Discover a plant that changed the world, built Memphis and influenced the very fiber of the city. When you visit here, you are treading on the legendary floor of the Memphis Cotton Exchange. Following a thorough restoration, this former members-only establishment now shares the story of cotton's impact on the region and global economy. You can also take a self-guided tour ...more

City:  Memphis, TN
Phone:  901-531-7826

Green Travel Vendor

Historic Watertown Square
"Historic town square on the National Register of Historic Places. Arts and antiques shop. Excursion train, restaurant and bed and breakfast. The square has changed very little since the turn of the century. You’ll find antiques, specialty stores and art galleries, plus unique places to grab a bite or have a cup of coffee. Visit Jim's Antiques, Blue Tomato Market & ...more

City:  Watertown, TN
Phone:  615-237-9999

Green Travel Vendor

Hunt Phelan Home
"Built mostly by slave labor in 1828, the Hunt-Phelan Home displays a rich and elegant past. Several hundred slaves were taught English by members of the Freedmen's Bureau at an on-site school house. The house was built in two stages, the first in 1830 by George H. Wyatt. The second stage, circa 1851, added a two-story kitchen and service wing and ...more

City:  Memphis, TN
Phone:  901-525-8225

Green Travel Vendor

Iron Furnace & Civil War Fortifications
"Part of the National Park Service’s property in Cumberland Gap, this remaining furnace documents the local industry at the time of the Civil War. Due to the Gap’s strategic location, both sides built extant fortifications during the ...more

City:  Cumberland Gap, TN
Phone:  606-248-2817

Green Travel Vendor

James K. Polk Ancestral Home
"Built in 1816, the only surviving home of the eleventh U.S. President (other than the White House) now displays original belongings of President and Mrs. Polk. It was here that James K. Polk began his legal and political career, living in this house until he was inaugurated 11th president of the United States in 1845. He was the first “dark horse” ...more

City:  Columbia, TN
Phone:  931-388-2354

Green Travel Vendor

James White Fort
"James White, The Founder of Knoxville, came here in the early 1780's from North Carolina. He had fought in the Revolutionary War and was given a land grant of 1,000 acres for his service. He built his 2-story log house on the present site of Knoxville in 1786. Two years later he enclosed the house and other ...more

City:  Knoxville, TN
Phone:  (865) 525-6514

Green Travel Vendor

Jerry Amish Wagon Tours

City:  Ethridge, TN
Phone:  931-629-0764

Green Travel Vendor

John Hunt Morgans Raid to Ohio
"Traveling Highway 85 to Highway 292 to Celina on to Burksville, KY Livingston, as one of the crossroads of the Upper Cumberland region, was an important place in the Civil War career of Confederate cavalry Gen. John Hunt Morgan. Morgan’s raiders first came here on July 7, 1862, as they approached the Kentucky line for a succ4essful summer raid. Three ...more

City:  Gainesboro, TN

Green Travel Vendor

Jonesborough-Washington County and Chester Inn Museums
"The museum tells the history of Tennessee's oldest town and county, from the movement towards statehood to the 20th ...more

City:  Jonesborough, TN
Phone:  866-401-4223

Green Travel Vendor

Knoxville Civil War Driving Tour
"The driving tour highlights the divided loyalties among East Tennesseans. It includes stops at historical museums and homes, battle sites and ...more

City:  Knoxville, TN
Phone:  800-727-8045

Green Travel Vendor

Knoxville Driving Tour, the Siege of Knoxville & Battle of Fort Sanders
"Tour features sites relating to the Nov. 1863, attempt by Confederate General James Longstreet to capture Knoxville and the army of Union General Ambrose E. Burnside.  Some of the sites include: Longstreet’s headquarters, Fort Dickerson, cemeteries, hospitals, site of mortal wounding of Union General William P. Sanders, and the site of the unsuccessful Confederate attack on Fort Sanders.  Brochures by ...more

City:  Knoxville, TN
Phone:  (800) 727-8045

Green Travel Vendor

Lauderdale County Museum
"The Lauderdale County Museum is housed in the historic Sugar Hill Mansion which was built in 1842. The museum showcases items highlighting the history of Lauderdale County. The building also houses the Lauderdale County Chamber of ...more

City:  Ripley, TN
Phone:  731-635-9541

Green Travel Vendor

Lawrenceburg Cemetery
"The first city cemetery where George Henry Nixon, who was most notably a Confederate colonel commanding two regiments as well as Chancellor, is buried. Other notables there, including Capt. Thomas D. Deavenport, a sometime member of the General Assembly, are buried ...more

City:  Lawrenceburg, TN
Phone:  931-762-6282

Green Travel Vendor

Lebanon Museum & History Center
"Take a walk through Lebanon's history. See displays from prehistoric times through modern day. The Museum is free to the public. It is located in the lower level of the City ...more

City:  Lebanon, TN
Phone:  615-443-2839

Green Travel Vendor

Leiper's Fork
"A picturesque village on the National Register of Historic Places offering the quaintness of the past and the convenience of the present. Local restaurants serve good food and shopping includes antiques, fine art and handmade long ...more

City:  Franklin, TN
Phone:  615-591-8500

Green Travel Vendor

Liberty: The Saga of Sycamore Shoals
"Liberty; The Saga of Sycamore Shoals - The Official Outdoor Drama of the State of Tennessee. This is a two-act outdoor drama at Sycamore Shoals State Historic Area depicting the settlement of Northeast Tennessee in the 18th century. Here, historic events of national significance took place during this era. These amazing stories are told during Liberty! Please join us as ...more

City:  Elizabethton, TN
Phone:  (423) 543-5808

Tennessee Heritage Civil War Trails

Upcoming events

Date: Oct 25, 2014
38th Annual Harvest Days
Location: Murfreesboro, TN

Date: Oct 25, 2014
Halloween Event
Location: Rock Island, TN

Date: Oct 25, 2014
Halloween Event
Location: Rock Island, TN

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