Today a private residence, Clifton Place was the 1832 home of politician and Confederate General Gideon J. Pillow, a prominent lawyer, major landowner, and friend and advisor to James K. Polk. Pillow
played a major role in Southern agriculture, encouraging diversification of crops and production of more livestock in a time when rice and cotton
dominated the area. He was instrumental in President Polk’s nomination and election, and served as a general in the Provisional army of Tennessee. He was ultimately known best for his controversial decisions, leading to the Civil War surrender of Fort Donelson to Ulysses S. Grant in 1862.
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