The Hermitage, Home of President Andrew Jackson, is one of the largest, most visited presidential homes in the United States.
The Hermitage is a 1,120-acre National Historic Landmark with over 30 historic buildings, including restored slave cabins. Thanks to efforts of this nonprofit organization, the mansion is the most accurately preserved early presidential home in the country. The Hermitage is a national model for authenticity, conservation, and historic preservation. In recent years, new interpretive initiatives and educational programs such as archeology and the history of slavery have enhanced the experience of some 180,000 annual visitors, including 30,000 school children, from all 50 states and many foreign countries; in fact, we interpret the Hermitage mansion in five foreign languages. The property also receives 30,000 annual visits from the local community, including over 1,000 children who play Little League baseball at The Hermitage’s Rotary Park. The Hermitage is a “Partner Place” with the National Trust for Historic Preservation; and a site along the National Park Service’s Trail of Tears National Historic Trail.
Fiery and daring, Andrew Jackson was Tennessee’s first homegrown president, born to Irish immigrants. He was nicknamed “Old Hickory” for his rough and tough behavior. In the 1790s, he led negotiations with the Chickasaw for the Jackson Purchase, an agreement that officially allowed the settlement of West Tennessee. Jackson helped found the town of Memphis and began his political career as the first man elected from Tennessee to the House of Representatives. He served a year in the US Senate before resigning and becoming a Tennessee Supreme Court judge. In the War of 1812, he led an unconventional band of soldiers to an amazing victory in New Orleans that forced the British out of Louisiana in 1814. His reputation as a hero and his down-home roots helped Jackson become the 7th U.S. President in 1828, backed by a grass-roots group known as the Democratic Party. Jackson’s two terms as president were controversial. A polarizing figure who dominated American politics in the 1820s and 1830s, his political ambition, combined with widening political participation, shaped the modern Democratic Party. His legacy is now seen as mixed--as a protector of popular democracy and individual liberty for citizens, checkered by support for slavery and Indian removal.
As he based his career in developing Tennessee, Jackson was the first president primarily associated with the American frontier. Andrew Jackson died on June 8th, 1845, at home. In 1856, the State of Tennessee purchased the property from the Jackson family, entrusting it to the Ladies’ Hermitage Association in 1889 to operate as one of America’s first historic site museums.
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