At Sycamore Shoals, settlers fought the Cherokee, and retreated into Fort Watauga for protection. In 1780, the Overmountain Men gathered there for their march to the Battle of King’s Mountain. Visit the site of early British fortifications at Fort Loudoun, now a state historic park.
With westward expansion, Tennessee, once the frontier, became a crucial prize in the fight to save or sunder the Union. With more Civil War battles fought in any state other than Virginia, Tennessee’s cities, towns and farms became immersed in total war.